HISTORY OF VIDEO GAMES (1940's - 2010's)


   Everything about history and evolution of videogames!

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This is unique and most complete website about history of  video games and video games "Firsts". . What was first color game? First racing game? First banned game? First 3D Game? You will find all these game here! Plus -Retro reviews and retro photos from old magazines!.All games listed chronologically. You'll find on this site - original posters and cover arts, most interesting trivia for each game, rare original videos of gameplay  and more (first platform when game is released, best emulator if exist -for playing these games on modern computers, screenshots. etc), secrets and deleted materials from these games and - historical First Reviews and previews (magazine scans). All revolutionary games  from 1947 to our times. Surf trough history of video games now!

Video games of 1940's


Cathode Ray Tube Amusement Device (cathode-ray tube and analog electronics)


First game ever

Video games of 1950's


Draughts programme (NPL Pilot ACE)


First game to use computer memory




Pool     (MIDSAC)


First game with artificial intelligence (A.I.)


First real time graphics


Tennis for Two (Oscilloscope and Donner Analog Computer Model 3500)


First sports videogame


Mouse in the Maze (TX-0)

Tic-tac-toe        (TX-0)


First light pen video games

Video games of 1960's


BBC (IBM 1620)


First text game

Spacewar!      (DEC PDP-1)

First digital computer game


The Sword of Damocles   (TX-2)


First  augmented reality glasses and 3D game


Chase   (unnamed tv console)


First console game

Bauer untitled light gun game ( unnamed tv console)

First light gun game


Ping-Pong   (Brown box)


First official game console prototype


Space Travel  (GE-645 computer and Multics)


First UNIX application

Missile (arcade)

First game to use film tape

Video games of 1970's


Star Trek (SDS Sigma 7)


First game based on a tv-show

Galaxy Game (arcade - DEC PDP-11/20 and vector display terminal)

First arcade electronic video game

Computer Space  (arcade)

First game with sound


Hunt the Wumpus (PDP-10)


First adventure

Pong (arcade)

Third arcade game


Gotcha  (arcade)


First color game

Astro Race (arcade)

First racing game

Maze War (Imlac PDS-1)

First 3D first person shooter


Basketball (arcade)


First game with  sprites

Gran Trak 10 (arcade)

First car racing game

Speed Race (arcade)

First game with scrolling graphics

Spasim (PLATO)

First  vector graphics

First Role-playing game

Balloon Gun (arcade)

First  multi-player light gun game

Airfight (PLATO)

First 3D  flight simulator

First full motion video game

First full motion CGI video simulator


Dungeon (PDP-10)


First RPG game to use "line of sight"

Atari Pong (console)

First console game with sound

Shark Jaws (arcade)

First animated characters

Panther (PLATO)

First 3D vehicle simulator

Gun Fight (arcade)

First game with  violence

Moria (PLATO)

First 3D RPG game

Interceptor (arcade)

First first person combat flight simulator, first sprite scaling

Gun Smoke (arcade)                                                            First holographic game


Road Race (arcade)


Constantly changing scrolling racing

Moto-Cross (arcade)

First scrolling motorbike racing game

Crashing Race (arcade)

First car combat

Death Race (arcade)

First game that inspired  protests

First fighting game

Mattel Auto Race (handheld console)

First electronic handheld game

Nurburgring 1 (arcade)

First 3D racing game

Nurburgring 3 (arcade)

First 3D racing with visible road and skies

Knights in Armor (arcade)


Starship 1 (arcade)

Star Trek (Altair 8800)

First martial arts game


Next step in 3D  realism

First game for personal computer


Twin Course T.T. (arcade)


First two-player two screen game

Air (PDP-11)

First multiplayer 3D flight combat simulator

Space Wars (arcade)

Next step in vector graphics

Star Ship (Atari 2600)

First console 3D game

Super Bug (arcade)                                                              First game with scrolling  playfield.



Alto Trek  (Xerox Alto)                                                        First game to use mouse

Frogs (arcade)                                                                     First jumping character

Space Invaders (arcade)                                                       First true Shoot 'em up

MUD1 (PDP-10)                                                                   First MUD game

Escape! (Apple 2)                                                                First 3D PC game

Test Driver (arcade)                                                            First racing game to use filmtape

Santa paravia en fiumaccio (TRS-80)                                 First "God" game

Beneath Apple Manor (Apple 2)                                         First top-down free-roaming RPG


Pork Barrel   (TRS-80)                                                       First political game      


Superman (Atari 2600)                                                      First licensed game based on movie


Starhawk (arcade)                                                             Next step in 3D graphics

Block Buster (Microvision)                                                First handheld game with LCD display

Basketball (arcade)                                                           First sports game with advanced graphics

Warrior (arcade)                                                               First motion capture game

Galaxian (arcade)                                                             First enemies with individual personalities

Ozma Wars (arcade)                                                         First game with separate levels

Star Fire (arcade)                                                              Next step in 3D graphics

Nuerburgring Powerslide (arcade)                                    First color 3D racing

Galactic Empire (TRS-80)                                                  First real time strategy


Speed Freak (arcade)                                                        First free ride 3D racing game


Monaco GP (arcade)                                                          Advanced sprite scaling


Sheriff  (arcade)                                                               First game with background music

Video games of 1980's



Mystery House (Apple 2)                                                  First graphical adventure game


Pac-Man (arcade)                                                             First cutscenes


Defender (arcade)                                                            First Side-scrolling game


Stratovox (arcade)                                                           First synthesized voices

Berzerk (arcade)                                                              First game that killed  a player


Battlezone (arcade)                                                         Advanced 3D vector graphics

Red Baron (arcade)                                                          Advanced 3D flyght game

Wizard and the Princess (Apple 2)                                   First adventure game in color 


Star Castle (arcade)                                                         Advanced artificial intelligence

Space panic (arcade)                                                       First platform game

Space Tactics (arcade)                                                     First pseudo-stereoscopic 3D  effect


Wizardry: Proving Grounds of the

Mad Overlord (Apple 2)                                                   First 3D RPG with color graphics 



Castle Wolfenstein (Apple 2)                                           First stealth game

Softporn Adventure (Apple 2)                                          First erotic game                      

Gorf (arcade)                                                                   First game with different levels layout


Donkey Kong (arcade)                                                     First jumping over the objects


Quarter Horse (arcade)                                                    First game to use LaserDisc    


Turbo (arcade)                                                                 First third-person 3D racing


Football Manager (TRS-80)                                              First sports manager


Haunted House (Atari 2600)                                            First Survival horror


Scramble (arcade)                                                           First forced Side scrolling game


Jump Bug (arcade)                                                          First parallax scrolling


Yakyuken (MZ-80K)                                                        First game with nudity


Bradley Trainer (arcade)                                                 First 3D professional simulator for army



Zaxxon (arcade)                                                            First isometric game


Astron Belt (arcade)                                                       First laser disc game with sprites


Microsoft flight Simulator 1.0 (DOS)                              First full color flight simulator


SubRoc-3D (arcade)                                                      First stereoscopic 3D game


Alien Garden (Atari 8-bit)                                              First art game 


Pole Position (arcade)                                                    Next step in 3D racing  


Xevious (arcade)                                                            First pre-rendered graphics       


Moon Patrol (arcade)                                                      Advanced parallax scrolling


Phantom Slayer (TRS-80 color)                                       First color first-person shooter


Wayout (Atary 8 bit)                                                       First 3D game with 360 degree freedom


Treasure Hunt (DOS)                                                      First third-person 3D game


Night Life (PC-88)                                                          First graphical erotic game


Lolita: Yakyuken (FM-7)                                                 First anime game


Tumbleweeds (Atari puffer and Atari 400)                     First exergame


Maze Mania  (laserdisc player)                                      First  interactive live action game


Wabbit (Atari 2600)                                                       First female protagonist


AX-6: Powered Knight (NEC PC-6001)                           First Mecha game



Dragon's Lair (arcade)                                                    First "interactive movie"


Moondust (Commodore 64)                                           First music game

Journey (arcade)                                                            First game with digitized graphics


TX-1 (arcade)                                                                First nonlinear racing game

Bruce Lee (Atari 8-bit)                                                   First beat 'em up     


Star Arthur Legend - Planet Mephius (FM-7)                 First point and click game


King's Quest (PCjr)                                                        First animated adventure game


Star Rider (arcade)                                                        First laser disk 3D


Cosmo Lemans (Tomytronic 3D)                                   First stereoscopic 3D hand held game


I, Robot (arcade)                                                           First 3D polygonal graphics


NFL Football (arcade)                                                    First game on vinyl disc


Tropical Angel (arcade)                                                 First realistic female protagonist


Dancing Feats (Atari 8-bit)                                            First music simulator


Video Jogger (Atari 2600)                                              First game with floor game controller pad




Hogan's Alley (NES)                                                       First rail shooter


Astron Belt (Palcom MSX)                                              First home laser disk game with sprites


Kung-Fu Master  (arcade)                                             First sidescrolling beat 'em up


Karateka (Apple 2)                                                        First rotoscoping game


Rescue On Fractalus! (Atari 5200)                                 First 3D flyght game with landscapes  


Pac-Land (arcade)                                                         Advanced parallax scrolling


Ice Climber (NES)                                                          First censored game


Thayer's quest (RDI Halcyon)                                        First speech recognition video game



Hang-On (arcade)                                                        First game to use 16-bit graphics


Space Harrier (arcade)                                                  First shadow from player in 3D game


Alternate Reality: The City (Atari 8-bit)                        First game to use ray casting


TwinBee (arcade)                                                         First Cute'em Up


Habitat (Commodore 64)                                             First MMORPG


Air Race (arcade)                                                         First racing game with flat-shaded 3-D polygons


NASA Virtual Reality Headset (custom computer)        First Virtual Reality headset



Scene of the Crime (Control-vision)                             First game that used videotape


Athletic World (NES)                                                     Advanced floor game controller


Nekketsu Koha Kunio-kun (arcade)                              First isometric beat 'em up


Wibarm (PC-88)                                                            First  third-person 3D polygonal game


WEC Le Mans (arcade)                                                   First realistic road in 3D racing


Lock-On (arcade)                                                         First flight simulator features scaling sprites


Chiller  (arcade)                                                           First game to feature blood and gore



MIDI Maze (Atari ST)                                                     First first-person shooter with visible bullets 


Driller (Amstrad CPC)                                                   First FPS where you can look up and down 


Dance Aerobics (NES)                                                   First rhythm game


38 Ambush Alley (Action Max)                                      First live action light gun home game


Xybots (arcade)                                                             First 3D third-person shooter


Otocky (Family Computer Disk System)                         First  generative music game


Thunder Blade (arcade)                                                 Advanced 3D flight game


Assault (arcade)                                                            First massive sprite rotation



The Colony (Macintosh)                                                 First full screen poligonal fps in color


Winning Run (arcade)                                                    Advanced 3D racing game


NARC (arcade)                                                               First color digitized graphics


Reikai Doushi (arcade)                                                   First digitized fighting game


No Ri Ko (TurboGrafx 16 CD)                                         First game on compact disk


Starglider 2 (Amiga)                                                       First flight simulator with shaded 3D polygonal graphics



Prince of Persia (Apple 2)                                               Advanced rotoscoping


Blue lightning (Atary Lynx)                                              First 3D hand held game


S.T.U.N. Runner (arcade)                                                 First high-speed 3D polygonal graphics


Exterminator (arcade)                                                     First 3D digitized graphics for every element of the game


Die hard (DOS)                                                                First  full screen third-person shooter


Vette! (DOS)                                                                    First 3d open world racing


Video games of 1990's



Super Glove Ball (NES)                                                    First game with motion detection controller


U-Force power games (NES)                                           First game with infrared sensor  controller


Corporation (Amiga)                                                       First first person shooter with dynamic lightning


Alpha Waves (Atari ST)                                                    First 3D platformer

R360 - G-Loc Air Battle (arcade)                                     First 3D 360 degree game with physically rotated player


Pit-Fighter (arcade)                                                         First fighting with digitized real life actors


Virtual Racquetball (Autodesk)                                       First exergame with  VR head-mounted display


Galaxian 3 (GH-28 model) (arcade)                                First game with 28 players seats


The Super Spy (arcade)                                                   First shooter where arms and weapons are visible


Virtual sex  (Autodesk)                                                   First VR head-mounted display's adult game


Event Horizon Simulator (Autodesk)                               First entertaiment virtual reality game


Rad Mobile (arcade)                                                       First  fog and rain effects


International 3D Tennis (Amiga)                                    First sports 3D game


Tell Me Why 2 (CD-I)                                                      First home video game with CGI intro



Terminator 2 - Judgment Day (arcade)                           First game voiced by celebrity


4-D Boxing (Macintosh)                                                  First 3D fighting


Ancient Ys Vanished (Sharp X68000)                              Advanced pre-rendered animation


Street Fighter II (arcade)                                                 First fighting game to use combo


Hovertank one (DOS)                                                      First FPS that  imitate human walking


Hunter (Amiga)                                                               First open world 3D game


Time Traveler (arcade)                                                    First specular holographic game


Catacomb 3D (DOS)                                                         First fps with texture mapping


Arabian fight (arcade)                                                     Most advanced 2D video game


Mario and me (custom computer)                                   First live action onscreen avatar


The Godfather: The Action Game  (Amiga)                      First realistic gangster's game


Terminator (DOS)                                                           First open world 3d city game




Mortal Kombat (arcade)                                                  First fighting game with finishing move


Alone in the Dark (DOS)                                                  First 3D survival horror  


Comanche: Maximum Overkill (DOS)                              First game based on voxel technology


Gun Buster (arcade)                                                        First First-person shooter with light gun 


Virtua Racing  (arcade)                                                    Next step in racing


Ultima Underworld: The Stygian Abyss (DOS)                  First 3D game with varying heights floors and ceilings


Wolfenstein 3D (DOS)                                                     Next step in First person shooters


The 7th Guest (DOS)                                                       First 3D adventure game


Sim Drive   (arcade)                                                        First Gouraud shading


Dark Edge (arcade)                                                         First Mirror reflection effect


Recca (NES)                                                                     First Bullet hell game


Cyber Dome (arcade)                                                      First arcade augmented reality game



Hi-Ten Bomberman (NEC computer+Turbografx16)       First HD game


Gabriel Knight: Sins of the Fathers (DOS)                         First game with profanity


Doom (DOS)                                                                    First to present panoramic skies


Virtua Fighter (arcade)                                                     First 3D fighting with zoomed and rotated viewpoint

Batsugun (arcade)                                                           Advanced bullet hell game


Daytona USA  (arcade)                                                     Next step in 3D racing


Scramble (IBM Simon)                                                      First mobile phone game



Killer Instinct (arcade)                                                     Highest quality  pre-rendered fighting


Virtua Striker (arcade)                                                     First team sport game with 3D poligonal graphics


Earthbound (SNES)                                                          First postmodern video game


Descent (DOS)                                                                Advanced enemies in full 3d using polygon meshes

Sega Rally Championship (arcade)                                  First  driving on different surfaces


Rise of the Triad: Dark War (DOS)                                   First  level-over-level environments


Magic Carpet   (DOS)                                                      First 3D water effect


The Horde (3DO)                                                           First strategy game with 3d elements


Mortal Kombat 2 (SNES)                                                 First game with  haptic suit


Peg Game (Browser)                                                       First browser game



Terminator: Future Shock (DOS)                                     Totally free mouse-look


Flight Unlimited (DOS)                                                    First flight simulator to use fluid dynamic physics


Soul Edge (arcade)                                                          Advanced motion capture


Phantasmagoria (DOS)                                                    First live action  on screen avatar


Battle Isle 2220:Shadow of the Emperor (Windows)         First 1024x768  resolution game


Cyberbykes (DOS)                                                           First 1280x1024  resolution game


Fade to Black  (DOS)                                                        First polygonal Third-person shooter


BS Chrono Trigger: Character Library  (SNES)                   First DLC (Downloadable content)


Battle Arena Toshinden 2 (arcade)                                  First 3D breast bounce animation



Virtua Fighter 3 (arcade)                                                 Next step in 3D fighting


Super Mario 64 (Nintendo 64)                                         First free dynamic camera system


Quake (DOS)                                                                   First dynamic skies in 3d video game


SimCopter (Windows)                                                      First big 3D city in open world games


ZPC (Windows)                                                                First  Cel-shaded game


Cyber Pong (arcade)                                                        First motion detection game



Dragon's Lair DVD-Rom (Windows)                                First game on dvd


Streets of SimCity (Windows)                                          First driving and shooting in open world 3d city 


Blade Runner (Windows)                                                 First real time 3D adventure game


Beatmania (arcade)                                                         First musical instrument simulation


MDK (Windows)                                                              Next step in third person shooter graphics


Riven: The Sequel to Myst (Windows)                              First  high-dynamic-range rendering


Star Wars Jedi Knight: Dark Forces 2 (Windows)              First 2048x1536  resolution (2K)


Blast Corps (Nintendo 64)                                               First 3d fire


Montezuma's Return  (Windows)                                     First Bump-mapping and self-shadowing


Des Blood (Windows)                                                      First CGI 3D adult video game


No Respect (Windows)                                                   First lens flare effect



Dance Dance Revolution (arcade)                                   First 3D dance rhythm game


Unreal (Windows)                                                           First volumetric lighting


Half-Life (Windows)                                                        Next step in 3D


Tom Clancy's Rainbow Six (Windows)                             First full 3D tactical shooter

Tenchu: Stealth Assassins (PlayStation)                          First 3D stealth  game

Trespasser: Jurassic Park (Windows)                               First game to use ragdoll physics


Mizzurna Falls  (PlayStation)                                          First open world game  with "walk and drive"  functions


I'm Your Man (DVD player)                                             First game for  DVD players


Clock Tower 2: The Struggle Within  (Playstation)          First 3d psychological horror game


Brave Fire Fighters (arcade)                                           First phong shading


Quake 3 arena (Windows)                                              First "Shader" system


Descent 3 (Windows)                                                     First procedural texturing


Shenmue (Dreamcast)                                                   Next step in open world sandbox


Urban Chaos  (Windows)                                               First modern open world sandbox game


Gran Turismo 2 (PlayStation)                                        Best-selling single  platform game


Outcast (Windows)                                                       First bloom lighting and  depth of field


WinBack: Covert Operations  (Nintendo 64)                  First cover and shoot system


Star Trek: Secret of Vulcan Fury (Windows)                   Next step in facial motion capture


Requiem: Avenging Angel  (Windows)                           First 3D  Bullet  time


Kingpin: Life of Crime (Windows)                                  First 3D gangster's game


Video games of 2000's



Police 911 (arcade)                                                      First full motion detection game


Tread Marks (windows)                                               Advanced  destructible terrain


ARQuake (UNIX custom computer)                              First mobile augmented reality game


Harley Davidson: Wheels of Freedom (Windows)          First game with Havok physics engine


Star Trek: Voyager - Elite Force   (Windows)                First game with anisotropic filtering


Jet Set Radio (Dreamcast)                                            First full  cel shading



Grand Theft Auto 3 (PlayStation 2)                              First modern realistic sandbox game


ICO (PlayStation 2)                                                      Next step in  key frame animation


Metal Gear Solid 2:Sons of Liberty (PlayStation 2)        First postmodern philosophical action game


Red Faction (PlayStation 2)                                          Advanced destructible environments


Max Payne  (Windows)                                                 Next step in Third-person shooters


Severance: Blade of darkness (Windows)                      First unified lightning and shadowing


Pirates of the Caribbean (Arcade)                                 First game with surround screens     


Halo: Combat Evolved (Xbox)                                       First screen space crepuscular rays


Silent Hill 2 (Xbox)                                                       First Per-pixel lighting


PainStation  (arcade)                                                    First game with pain feedback     


Virtua Figher 4 (arcade)                                               First normal mapping



The Legend of Zelda:The Wind Waker (GameCube)      Advanced  unified lighting



EyeToy: Play (PlayStation 2)                                         First console onscreen motion detection


Tom Clancy's Splinter Cell (Playstation 2)                    First soft body physics



Doom 3 (Windows)                                                     Fully dynamic per-pixel lighting


Half-Life 2 (Windows)                                                Advanced detailed physics simulation


Myst IV: Revelation  (Windows)                                   Advanced entirely pre-rendered graphics


Painkiller (Windows)                                                   First game with giant bosses


Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas (PlayStation 2)           Best selling multiplatform game


Quake 3: Ray Traced (Windows)                                 First Ray tracing in video games


Resident Evil 4 (GameCube)                                       First  over the shoulder camera


Half-Life 2:  Lost Coast (Windows)                             First cube mapping


Condemned: Criminal Origins (Xbox 360)                  First game to use the Havok's HydraCore physics


Dungeons & Dragons: Dragonshard (Windows)          First use of Physx


F.E.A.R.   (Windows)                                                   First game with parralax mapping



The House of the Dead 4 special (arcade)                  Next step in haptic technology


Resistance: Fall of Man (PlayStation 3)                       First game to use Blu-Ray disc


Wii Sports (Wii)                                                         Next step in remote controllers techology


TOCA Race Driver 3 (Windows)                                 First game to use amBX


Natural selection 2 prototype (Windows)                  First dynamic infestation


Indiana Jones (Xbox 360)                                         First use of Euphoria engine



Crysis (Windows)                                                       First Screen space ambient occlusion


Call of Duty 4: Modern Warfare (Windows)                 First true world-dynamic lighting


3rd Space Incursion (Windows)                                  Advanced  haptic suit


The Eye of Judgment  (PlayStation 3)                         First modern augmented reality game

Assassin's Creed  (PlayStation 3)                               Next step in 3D cinematics, first 4K resolution


Dragons Lair (Blu-ray player)                                   First game for Blu ray players




Crysis Warhead (Windows)                                         First global ambient lighting system


Battlefield: Bad Company (Xbox 360)                        Allows 90% of the environment to be destroyed


Star Wars: The Force Unleashed (Xbox 360)              Advanced  "Digital Molecular Matter"


Mirror's Edge (Xbox 360)                                           Next step in 3d platform video games


Grand Theft Auto 4 (Xbox 360)                                  Next step in open world games


Alone in the Dark (Windows)                                      First dynamic fire propagation


Far Cry 2 (Windows)                                                  Advanced vegetation



Project Milo (Xbox 360)                                             First 3D  face and voice recognition


DiRT 2 (Windows)                                                      First displacement mapping


Video games of 2010's



Mafia 2 (Windows)                                                    First use of Physx APEX technology


Vanquish   (PlayStation 3)                                         First 3D rocket-sliding mechanics


Heavy Rain  (PlayStation 3)                                        Next step in motion capture


Target shooting (Nintendo 3DS)                                First stereoscopic 3D handheld game without 3D glasses


Bikini Karate Babes 2 (Windows)                                Most advanced digitized game  



L.A. Noire  (PlayStation 3)                                         Next step in motion capture



Black Mesa (Windows)                                              Most advanced mod


The Secret World (Windows)                                     First TXAA anti–aliasing


Keep of the Lich-Lord  (IPad)                                    First HD handheld game



Cowgirl (Oculus Rift)                                                First virtual reality 3D adult game


Displair Holographic game (custom computer)        First fog screen holographic game


Battlefield 4 (Windows)                                            First physically based rendering


Crysis 3 (Windows)                                                  First displacement mapping, dynamic caustic



The Vanishing of Ethan Carter (Windows)                First game with Photogrammetry



Quantum Break (Windows)                                      Advanced ingame realism



Days Gone (PlayStation 4)                                       First crowd A.I. technology

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