dnd (PLATO) 1975
First role-playing game, first game to feature bosses, first non-linear progression, first interactive fiction game
Silent, monochrome game.
1) Also known as Dungeons & Dragons. First video game based on this board game series.
2) The first version, known as pedit5, was deleted just a few months after it was created. The second game, m199h, was created in a lesson unit (i.e., space on a fixed drive) reserved for foreign language instruction. It was similarly deleted as soon as the illicit program was discovered. dnd was the first PLATO lesson created for the purpose of being a dungeon game.
3) Later PLATO games, such as Moria were heavily influenced by dnd (and each other) while adding innovative features of their own.
4) A role-playing game (RPG) is a game in which players assume the roles of characters in a fictional setting. Players take responsibility for acting out these roles within a narrative, either through literal acting or through a process of structured decision-making or character development. Actions taken within many games succeed or fail according to a formal system of rules and guidelines.
5) dnd was written in the TUTOR programming language for the PLATO system by Gary Whisenhunt and Ray Wood at Southern Illinois University in 1974 and 1975.
6) Emulated in: pterm
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